Domain Name Services
We operate and maintain a number of key aspects of the DNS, including the root zone, and the .int and .arpa domains.
The DNS Root Zone
The root is the upper-most part of the DNS hierarchy, and involves delegating administrative responsibility of “top-level domains”, which are the last segment of a domain name, such as .com, .uk and .nz. Part of our tasks includes evaluating requests to change the operators of country code domains, as well as day-to-day maintenance of the details of the existing operators.
The .int top-level domain, designed for the sole use of cross-national organisations, such as treaty organisations, that do not naturally fit into a specific country’s top-level domain. For example, who.int for the World Health Organisation.
The .arpa domain is used internally by Internet protocols, such as for reverse mapping of IP addresses, and delivery of ENUM phone number mapping. We administer this domain in close liaison with the Internet Architecture Board, which has policy responsibility for .arpa.
IDN Practices Repository
To help foster the deployment of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs), a repository of “IDN tables” which document the permissable characters for different languages and scripts provided for registration by different top-level domain registries. The repository is informative, and designed for information sharing.
Root Key Signing Key
The Root Key Signing Key provides verification of the DNSSEC-signed root zone.
Special Purpose Domains
A number of special domains are reserved or managed for demonstration purposes, or for future use.